The Risk Management Tool Box Blog

Training Drivers to Manage High Risk Driving Activities

Graham Marshall - Tuesday, October 11, 2011

Further to my blog post yesterday (10th October 2011), I have received a request for more information regarding the sixteen high risk land transportation scenario's which I used to form the content of Sakhalin Energy's Driving Excellence Safety Programme.

The easiest way to provide this information is to illustrate the 16 activity cards I developed for Sakhalin Energy. 

These 16 higher-risk activity cards are illustrated below.

I subsequently trained the transport drivers to use a simple bow-tie analysis process in order to develop the most appropriate safety controls for each of the relatively high-risk activities pictured above. 

Because the training process I developed and implemented on Sakhalin Island was largely picture-based and involved no boring powerpoint slide show, it was highly appreciated by  the drivers who quickly came to appreciate the hazards and the appropriate controls for managing them. 

Sakhalin Energy Safety Program

Graham Marshall - Monday, October 10, 2011

Way back in 2005-2006 I was commissioned by Royal Dutch Shell's massive Sakhalin Energy Project in Russia to put together a land transportation safety program for use in improving safety amongst the company's 2,000+ drivers.

The result was an innovative duel-language (Russian and English) hazard awareness program for the drivers which we called "Driving Excellence".

An example of the drivers' activity worksheet that I developed is shown below.

 Participant Worksheet for the Driving Excellence Road Safety Programme.

 The success of Driving Excellence was based on assisting the drivers to be able to use a simple "bow-tie analysis" framework for any of sixteen higher-risk driving scenarios.

The sixteen scenarios are shown in the small pictures along the top edge of the Driving Excellence participant worksheet shown above.

For further information above this safety program and how something similar could be used to assist in managing your land transportation risk, feel free to get in touch.


Hazard Awareness is Poor

Graham Marshall - Monday, June 27, 2011
Other the years, we at the risk tool box have argued that one of the main reasons why accidents continue to occur is because hazard awareness is so poor.  Enclosed here are some results from training courses we've run in several companies.

They show "pre-training" results on a  20-item survey of knowledge about hazards followed by "post-training" results for the same group.

As can be seen, pre-training hazard awareness is quite low.

On conclusion of our hazard awareness training, however, knowledge about hazards has improved significantly.

To check out the results for yourself, simply click here.

Over the years, our training has been employed by companies like Woodside, Shell, BHP Billiton, Santos, Fremantle Ports, Sandvik, British Gas, Eni, TK Shipping, Nautronix, Transfield Worley and Hess Corp.

Hazard Awareness Training for Safe Driving

Graham Marshall - Monday, May 23, 2011

Industry now has a single, dominating expectation about safety outcomes.

The common expectation is easily summarized as a demand for "zero fatalities".

While recent years have seen steady improvement in recorded fatalities; one area continues to hold back industry progress in achieving zero.
The big problem area remains road transportation - in all its forms.

Today I'm posting a paper that explains why industry has been unable to solve the crisis of road transport fatalities.

The paper was presented at the 45th Annual Australian Petroleum Production and Exploration Association (APPEA) Conference.

The paper explains how the crisis of fatalities results from the application of a model of competency that suggests fatalities will be eliminated when drivers develop the necessary “skills” associated with vehicle operation.

I explain why improving drivers’ skills by commissioning advanced driver training is not the required solution to the fatalities crisis.
Instead, my Driving Mastery Model (DMM) suggests that fatalities can be eliminated when drivers develop competency to a level defined within the model as “mastery”.

Drivers achieve “mastery” by integrating three key competency elements.

These being:

1.  The right driving skills;

2.  The necessary awareness of hazards; and

3.  Knowledge and skills in using the Think 6, Look 6 hazard management process.

In that sense, the DMM is represented in summary form thus:

Mastery = Awareness of hazards + Knowledge of the hazard management process + Skills of vehicle operation.

This paper explains and defines the elements of the DMM and demonstrates how its application works to motivate positive driving outcomes.

To read the paper, simply click here.


Best bars in the oil-patch

Graham Marshall - Friday, April 29, 2011
The oil-patch is a Global industry and over the years I've been fortunate to work on health and safety programs for companies around the World.

I've compiled a short list of my favorite bars, restaurants and hotels in some of the places I've been working.

Here they are...but look out for more next Friday...

1.    London, UK - Rooftop bar at the Trafalgar Hotel.  Just a great location right in Trafalgar Square in the heart of London town.  You even get to look Lord Nelson straight in the eye (he only had one)  from the rooftop bar at this Conrad Hotel.  One of my all time favorite experiences.  Handy for Shell or Hess employees just down the Strand.  Check it out by clicking here.

2.    Houston, Texas - The Flying Saucer.  Right on Main Street and so handy for workers from Shell, Eni, Hess, Exon Mobil, Chevron, and every other oil company in town.  A great place to watch the World wander past.  Check it out by clicking here.

3    Perth, WA - Rigby's Bar.  Not nearly the best bar in town but a must visit for anyone in the oil patch.  Full of Woodside, Santos, BHP, and Chevron employees after hours - especially on Friday's.  The covered roof over the whole building makes it especially good if you need a beer during inclement weather (i.e., winter).  Check it out by clicking here.

4.    Midland-Odessa, Texas - Dos Amigos Cantina.  As it says on the sign - "Beer, Babes and Bulls".  What more can I say!  Check it out by clicking here.

5.    Sakhalin Island, Russia - Kona Bar.  Anton Chekhov may have described Sakhalin as "hell on earth" but he visited in 1890 before the oil-industry arrived on the scene.  I started to visit Sakhalin back in 2002 and it was still pretty primitive in those early days.  Now you'll find curry-houses, sushi bars and the Kona bar.  No website but it's in the Sakhalin Centre Building in the middle of Yuszhno and close to all the Exxon-Mobil and Sakhalin Energy  project offices.  You can't miss it!

6.    Seminole, West Texas - Charlies Place.  You might be way out in the Permian Basin and be mighty thirsty but you ain't getting a drink in this dry Baptist town.  Check out "Charlies" for the best Steak in this neck of the woods.  You'll be drinking Coke or Dr Pepper though!  Check it out by clicking here.

7.    Aberdeen, Scotland - Peep Peeps.  Spit and sawdust doesn't begin to describe the authenticity of this Scottish Ale House.  Make sure you take someone who is really hard with you.  Check it out by clicking here.

8.    Luba, Equatorial Guinea - Kelly's Bar and Grill.  You'll have to get a private invite but worth it if you make it there.  Check it out by clicking here.  

9.    Karratha, WA - The Icon.  Karratha is the home-town of the energy boom in Western Australia.  Even so, it's not much to look at!  The Icon is a good place for a beer and live music.  Check it out by clicking here.

10.    Moscow, Russia - Golden Ring Hotel.  Not the best bar but certainly the best breakfast I've ever had.  A real luxury hotel and close to Shell's (Salym Petroleum) downtown  offices.  Check it out by clicking here.

Sydney, NSW.  Nothing to recommend it.  A town full of parasites feeding off hard working folks in the oil industry.  Avoid. 

My Safety Journey

Graham Marshall - Saturday, March 19, 2011
I was looking through an old computer folder the other day when I suddenly realized how fortunate I've been to work with some great people, in great companies and often in fantastic locations.

Below is a list of some of the organizations and locations that have kept me busy over the last dozen or so years.

I'd like to thank them all for the opportunities to learn they've each provided in thier own special ways.

APPEA (Perth).  Find them online here.
Aveling (Perth).  Find them online here.
BHP Billiton (Perth and NW Shelf).  Find them online here.
Bluescope Steel (Wollongong, NSW).  Find them online here.
BP (Aberdeen and Teeside).  Find them online here.
British Gas (Thailand, Dubai and KL).  Find them online here.
Eni (Perth and Darwin).  Find them online here.
Hess Corporation (Houston, London, Aberdeen, Aarlborg, Copenhagen, Lousiana, North Dakota, West Texas, Algeria, Equatorial Guinea, Surabaya, Jakarta, KL, Perth).  Find them online here.
IFAP (Perth).  Find them online here.
Monodelphous (Barrow Island).  Find them online here.
Nautronix (Fremantle).  Find them online here.
Newfield (NW Shelf). 
Ngarda (Perth and the Pilbara).  Find them online here.
Petronas (MLNG, KL and Sarawak).  Find them online here.
Powertech (Perth).  Find them online here.
PSN Water (Perth).  Find them online here.
Rio Tinto (Perth).  Find them online here.
Sandvik (Perth, Kalgoorlie, the Pilbara, Olympic Dam, Ravensthorpe Nickel Mine).  Find them online here.
Santos (Adelaide, Cooper Basin, Amadeus Basin, Surat Basin, Brisbane).  Find them online here.
Shell (Malanpaya Project, Philippines).  Find them online here.
Shell (Sakhalin Energy, Russia).  Find them online here.
Shell (Salym Petroleum, Moscow).  Find them online here.
Shell (SMDS, Bintulu, Malaysia).  Find them online here.
Shell (STOS, NZ).  Find them online here.
Shell Global Solutions (The Hague).  Find them online here.
Shell Trading and Shipping (London).  Find them online here.
Teekay Shipping (Australian Waters, Sydney and Vancouver).  Find them online here.
Tiwest (Kwinana).  Find them online here.
Transfield-Worley (Perth and NW Shelf).  Find them online here.
WA Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Perth)
Western Power (Perth).  Find them online here.
WMC Resources (Perth, Kalgoorlie and Olympic Dam)
Woodside (Perth and NW Shelf).  Find them online here.
Worley Parsons (Sydney).  Find them online here.

Big Construction Project Hazards

Graham Marshall - Thursday, February 17, 2011
Following on the theme of hazards on big construction sites, I'll upload a few photographs taken during my time on Sakhalin that highlight the scale of work faced on the Sakhalin Energy LNG Build. 

Assisting with hazard and risk management on a project of that size was a simply amazing experience.

Because of the scale and size of the project, all the hazard types were present and all needed to be constantly managed:
  • Huge sources of kinetic energy including much movement potential in big equipment, pressurized equipment, road transportation, etc;
  • Bio-mechanical hazard associated with lots of manual work in demanding conditions;
  • Natural hazards (particularly low ambient temperature in winter and high temperature in summer);
  • Biological hazards (particularly mozzies but also bears, HIV and Hep C virus, etc);
  • Psycho-social hazard associated with work crew being away from home for long periods;
  • Hazardous substances (many types);
  • Radiation sources; and
  • Electrical hazards.

Kinetic hazards associated with road transport of big bits of kit.

The key message every day!

So many hazards to manage!

Hazards on Big Construction Projects

Graham Marshall - Monday, January 31, 2011
The construction project for the LNG Plant at Prigorodnoye on Sakhalin Island in Russia was the biggest project of its type that I have worked on.

The project scale and the significance and size of the hazards associated with that project was simply amazing. 

Following on from last weeks blog and running over a few posts, I'll upload a few photographs that highlight the scale of work faced on the Russian Project.  It was a simply amazing experience and a great honour to work on the project.

Key hazards included:
  • Natural hazards (particularly low ambient temperature in winter and high temperature in summer);
  • Huge sources of kinetic energy including much movement potential in big equipment, pressurizefd equipment, road transportation, etc;
  • Biological hazards (particularly mozzies but also bears, HIV and Hep C virus, etc);
  • Psycho-social hazard associated with work crew being away from home for long periods;
  • Hazardous substances (many types); and
  • Electricity.

SEIC LNG Plant - A Very Big Construction Project

Natural hazard - very cold conditions

Kinetic Hazards - height potential and movement of equipment

Managing Road Transportation Risk

Graham Marshall - Tuesday, January 25, 2011
Road transportation activities are one of the highest risk areas requiring active management by organizations working in energy, mining and utilities (EMU).

Featured below is an article which may be of interest about the risk management program I developed for Shell's Sakhalin Energy Project in Russia.

Managing Big Hazards

Graham Marshall - Thursday, January 20, 2011
Over the years I've been fortunate to be involved in the roll-out of  hazard and risk management programs in some of the biggest projects going. 

For me personally, the Sakhalin Energy project was the biggest yet.

The project scale and the significance and size of the hazards associated with that project was simply amaziing. 

Starting today and running over a few posts, I'll upload a few photographs that highlight the scale of hazards faced on the Russian Project.

SEIC LNG Plant - A Very Big Construction Project

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