The Risk Management Tool Box Blog

Traffic Management Risk Assessment

Graham Marshall - Monday, March 25, 2013

Accidents involving vehicles and mobile plant are common in workplaces and some of these events result in people being killed.

Pedestrians are knocked down, run over, or crushed against fixed parts by vehicles or mobile plant.

Falls from vehicles are also relatively common events – whether getting on or off, working from a tray or truck-bed, or when loading or unloading.

So all employers and employees need to think about whether there is an easier, safer way of doing the job.

Employers should organize a risk assessment which should consider all workplace transport activities and the locations where they occur.

The risk assessment should consider carefully all the vehicles and people moving round the workplace .

It is a good idea to mark the traffic and pedestrian movements on a plan so you can see where pedestrians and vehicles interact.

The assessment should identify improvement opportunities that will reduce the contact between pedestrians and moving vehicles.

Remember to include less frequent vehicle activity in the assessment and make sure to consider the requirements for delivery drivers.

Below are listed some additional tips for performing the site transport risk assessment:

+   Aim to ensure that pedestrians are safe from moving vehicles;

+   If possible, aim to develop a traffic one-way system;

+   Try to provide separate routes for pedestrians and vehicles;

+   Avoid reversing where possible;

+   Provide appropriate crossing points where pedestrians and traffic meet;

+   Install appropriate signs to indicate vehicle routes, speed limits, and pedestrian crossings;

+   Signs should meet national standards;

+   Make sure lighting is adequate where people and vehicles are working in the dark;

+   Make sure road surfaces are suitable for vehicle movement - especially for fork-lift vehicles;

+   Make sure there are safe areas for loading and unloading;

+   Try to provide separate car parking for visitors as they may not know your site;

+   Ensure you have a training program for lift truck operators;

+   Reassess lift truck operators at regular intervals, or when new risks arise such as changes to working practices;

+   Train drivers of other vehicles to a similar standard;

+   Make sure all drivers are supervised;

+   Ensure company vehicles are suitable for the purpose for which they are used;

+   Service the vehicles to the manufacturers' recommended schedule;

+   Provide gauges and controls that are accessible from ground level in order to eliminate the need for people to climb;

+   Reduce the risk of falling when people have to climb onto a vehicle or trailer by providing well-constructed ladders, non-slip walkways and guard rails;

+   Provide reversing aids such as CCTV where appropriate;

+   Ensure a "spotter" is used when vehicles are required to reverse; and

+   Fit rollover protective structures and ensure seat belts are worn at all times.

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