This blog is the last in my series of features about the various types of hazards. This week I turn to psychological sources of hazard.
The psychosocial hazard has recently been acknowledged in legislation as a workplace hazard. This type of hazard relates to mental health and behavioural disorders.
For the purpose of inclusion into the energy hazard model psychosocial hazards refers to the energy produced by human thinking and behaviour. The hazard involves human motivation and the direction of human behaviour.
This hazard is all about what makes people do the things they do, even when some of those “things” may be harmful to the self, or to other people.
Forms of harmful psychosocial hazard include:
» Deliberate and intentional behaviour (e.g., suicide actions);
» Wilful negligence;
» Criminal intentions (e.g., intention to steal); and
» Terrorist intentions (e.g., intention to murder).
Psychosocial hazards in the workplace contribute to work related stress and lead to range of unwanted incidents which include:
» Occupational violence;
» Customer aggression; and
» Exposure to alcohol and drug misuse.